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Today In History: Happy Birthday, Marines!
(AP) Today is Sunday, Nov. 10, the 314th day of 2013. There are 51 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:
On Nov. 10, 1938, Kate Smith first sang Irving Berlin's "God Bless America" on her CBS radio program.
On this date:
In 1775, the U.S. Marines were organized under authority of the Continental Congress.
In 1871, journalist-explorer Henry M. Stanley found Scottish missionary David Livingstone, who had not been heard from for years, near Lake Tanganyika in central Africa.
In 1919, the American Legion opened its first national convention in Minneapolis.
In 1928, Japanese Emperor Hirohito (hee-roh-hee-toh) was formally enthroned, almost two years after his ascension.
In 1938, Turkish statesman Mustafa Kemal Ataturk died in Istanbul at age 57.
In 1942, Winston Churchill delivered a speech in London in which he said, "I have not become the King's First Minister to preside over the liquidation of the British Empire."
In 1951, customer-dialed long-distance telephone service began as Mayor M. Leslie Denning of Englewood, N.J., called Alameda, Calif., Mayor Frank Osborne without operator assistance.
In 1954, the U.S. Marine Corps Memorial, depicting the raising of the American flag on Iwo Jima in 1945, was dedicated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in Arlington, Va.
In 1961, the satirical war novel "Catch-22" by Joseph Heller was first published by Simon & Schuster.
In 1969, the children's educational program "Sesame Street" made its debut on National Educational Television (later PBS).
In 1972, three armed men hijacked Southern Airways Flight 49, a DC-9 with 24 other passengers on board during a stopover in Birmingham, Ala., and demanded $10 million in ransom. (The 30-hour ordeal, which involved landings in nine U.S. cities and Toronto, finally ended with a second landing in Cuba, where the hijackers were taken into custody by Cuban authorities.)
In 1975, the ore-hauling ship SS Edmund Fitzgerald and its crew of 29 mysteriously sank during a storm in Lake Superior with the loss of all on board.
In 1982, the newly finished Vietnam Veterans Memorial was opened to its first visitors in Washington, D.C., three days before its dedication. Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev died at age 75.
Ten years ago: Democrat John Kerry shook up his faltering presidential campaign, replacing campaign manager Jim Jordan with Mary Beth Cahill. Federal regulators allowed customers to switch home phone numbers to their cell phones. A World Trade Organization panel upheld a ruling that U.S. duties on steel imports were illegal. Chicago newspaper columnist and TV personality Irv Kupcinet died at age 91.
Five years ago: President George W. Bush and his wife, Laura, welcomed Barack and Michelle Obama to the White House for a nearly two-hour visit; the president and president-elect conferred in the Oval Office, while the current and future first ladies talked in the White House residence. Miriam Makeba, the South African folk singer and anti-apartheid activist, died at age 76 after performing at a concert in Castel Volturno, Italy.
One year ago: Officials announced that President Barack Obama had won Florida with 50 percent of the vote to Mitt Romney's 49.1 percent, a margin of about 74,000 votes. U.S. officials disclosed that the scandal that brought down CIA Director David Petraeus started when harassing emails sent by his biographer and paramour, Paula Broadwell, to another woman came to the attention of the FBI. Two people were killed when a powerful gas explosion rocked an Indianapolis neighborhood, destroying two homes and damaging 33 others so badly they had to be demolished. (Authorities later charged three people with deliberatly setting off the blast to collect a big insurance payout.) A 4.3 magnitude earthquake centered near Whitesburg, Ky., was felt in at least eight other states.